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 Talk to Japamese PART 2

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icedzero24
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PostSubject: Talk to Japamese PART 2   Sat Jan 23, 2010 8:06 am

JAPANESE WORDS USED IN ENGLISH VOCABULARY

Anime

Anime- Japanese animation; refers to animation in general in Japanese (derived from either the English "animation" or French "dessin animé")


Bonsai- "tray gardening"; the art of tending miniature trees (see the unrelated word "banzai" below)

bokeh - subjective aesthetic quality of out-of-focus areas of an image projected by a camera lens

bunraku- a form of traditional Japanese puppet theatre, performed by puppeteers, chanters, and shamisen players

haiku -a very short poem consisting of three lines of 5, 7, and 5 morae (not syllables as commonly thought)

ikebana - flower arrangement

imari
- Japanese porcelain wares (made in the town of Arita and exported from the port of Imari, particularly around the 17th century)

kabuki
- a traditional form of Japanese theatre

kakemono
- a vertical Japanese scroll, of ink-and-brush painting or calligraphy, that hangs in a recess on a wall inside a room

kakiemon
-Japanese porcelain wares featuring enamel decoration (made in Arita, using the style developed in 17th century by 酒井田 柿右衛門 Sakaida Kakiemon)

karaoke
-"empty orchestra"; entertainment where an amateur singer accompanies recorded music

kirigami
-similar to origami, but involves cutting in addition to folding

koto
-a traditional stringed musical instrument from Japan, resembling a zither with 13 strings

makimono
-a horizontal Japanese hand scroll, of ink-and-brush painting or calligraphy

manga
-Japanese comics; refers to comics in general in Japanese
netsuke
-a toggle use to tie the sash of a kimono also to attach small items such as inro and kinchaku: sometimes beautifully carved.

noh
-a major form of classical Japanese music drama

origami
- artistic paper folding

otaku
- a geeky enthusiast, especially of anime and manga

senryu
-a form of short poetry similar to haiku

shamisen
-a three-stringed musical instrument, played with a plectrum

tanka
-"short poetry"; an older form of Japanese poetry than haiku, of the form 5-7-5-7-7 morae (not syllables; see also haiku above)

ukiyo-e
-a type of woodblock print art or painting

Clothing

geta
-a pair of Japanese raised wooden clogs worn with traditional Japanese garments, such as the kimono

inro
-a case for holding small objects, often worn hanging from the obi; (traditional Japanese wears didn't have pockets)

kimono
- a traditional full-length robe-like garment still worn by women, men and children

obi
-a wide belt which is tied in the back to secure a kimono

zori
-sandals made from rice straw or lacquered wood, worn with a kimono for formal occasions

Culinary

adzuki, azuki bean
- type of bean grown in eastern Asia and the Himalayas, used in Chinese, Korean, and Japanese cuisines, usually served sweet

arame
-a type of edible seaweed

bento
-a single-portion takeout meal, box lunch

daikon
- a kind of white radish

dashi
-a simple soup stock considered fundamental to Japanese cooking

edamame
-soybeans boiled whole in the green pod and served with salt

enokitake, enoki mushroom
-long, thin white mushrooms, used in Japanese, Korean and Chinese cuisines

fugu
-the meat of the toxic pufferfish, must be prepared by specially trained chefs by law. Also means pufferfish itself.

ginkgo
-a gymnospermous tree (Ginkgo biloba) of eastern China that is widely grown as an ornamental or shade tree and has fan-shaped leaves and yellow fruit (the word is derived from 17th Century Japanese 銀杏 ginkyō)

gyoza
- Japanese name for Chinese dumplings, jiaozi (jiǎozi); may also be called pot stickers in English if they are fried

hibachi
- a small, portable charcoal grill; used in North America to refer to a teppan or a small shichirin-like aluminium or cast iron grill

hijiki
-a type of edible seaweed commonly found on rocky coastlines

katsuo
- a skipjack tuna

katsuobushi
- dried and smoked skipjack tuna (katsuo), which is shaved and then used in dashi

Koji
-a fungus which is the active agent in the fermentation processes, of producing miso and soy sauce from soybeans, and of producing sake and shōchū from rice.

kombu
-dried kelp, which can be eaten or used as dashi

matsutake
-a type of edible mushroom, with a magnificently spicy aroma similar to cinnamon, considered to be a great delicacy and the most coveted mushroom in Japan

mirin
-an essential condiment of the Japanese cuisine, a kind of rice wine similar to sake with a slightly sweet taste

miso
- a thick paste made by fermenting soybeans with salt

mizuna
-an edible plant, with flavor akin to the mustard plant

nappa, napa cabbage
- Chinese cabbage, (in Japan, it is a generic term for leaf vegetables.)

nashi (pear)
-a species of pear native to eastern Asia, which are juicy, round and shaped like apples. Often simply referred to as "asian pear(s)".

nori
-food products created from the seaweed laver by a shredding and rack-drying process that resembles papermaking.

panko
-Japanese white bread flakes. Panko is made from bread without crusts, thus it has a crisper, airier texture than most types of breading found in Western cuisine.

ramen
-the Japanese version of Chinese noodle soup, not limited to the instant variety

sake
-an alcoholic beverage, brewed from rice. In Japanese, the word can also refer to alcoholic drinks in general

sashimi
- a Japanese delicacy primarily consisting of the freshest raw seafoods thinly sliced and served with only a dipping sauce and wasabi.

satsuma
-(from 薩摩 Satsuma, an ancient province of Japan), a type of mandarin orange (mikan) native to Japan

shabu shabu
- a meal where each person cooks their own food in their own cooking pot from an assortment of raw ingredients

shiitake mushroom
- an edible mushroom typically cultivated on the shii tree

shoyu
-Japanese soy sauce

soba
-thin brown buckwheat noodles

soy
-from shoyu 醤油

sukiyaki
- a dish in the nabemono-style (one-pot), consisting of thinly sliced beef, tofu, konnyaku noodles, negi, Chinese cabbage (bok choy), and enoki mushrooms among others

surimi
- processed meat made from cheaper white-fleshed fish, to imitate the look of a more expensive meat such as crab legs

sushi
- a dish consisting of vinegared rice combined with other ingredients such as raw fish, raw or cooked shellfish, or vegetables

takoyaki
- literally fried or baked octopus

tamari
-liquid obtained by pressing soybeans

tempura
- classic Japanese deep fried batter-dipped seafood and vegetables

teppanyaki
-a type of Japanese cuisine that uses a hot iron griddle (teppan) to cook food

teriyaki
-a cooking technique where fish or meat is being broiled/grilled in a sweet soy sauce marinade

tofu
- Tofu.ogg listen (help·info) bean curd. Although the word is originally Chinese, it entered English via Japanese.

udo
-an edible plant found on the slopes of wooded embankments, also known as the Japanese Spikenard

udon
-a type of thick wheat-based noodle

umami
- the taste sensation produced by some condiments such as monosodium glutamate; a basic flavor in sea weed (昆布 kobu)

umeboshi
- pickled ume

wakame
- a type of edible kelp, often used in miso soup (Japan), and salads

wasabi
- a strongly flavoured green condiment commonly known as Japanese horseradish

yakitori
- a type of chicken kebab

Business

kanban
- literally a "signal" or "sign" signals a cycle of replenishment for production and materials and maintains an orderly and efficient flow of materials throughout the entire manufacturing process. Part of Six Sigma

OffJT
-"off the job training", means "training outside the workplace"

keiretsu
- a set of companies with interlocking business relationships and shareholdings

salaryman
-(derived from English salary + man), a Japanese term for a white-collar worker

tycoon
-(from 大君 "taikun"), "great prince" or "high commander", later applied to wealthy business leaders

zaibatsu
- a "money clique" or conglomerate

Government and politics

daimyo
- "great names"; the most powerful Japanese feudal rulers from the 12th century to the 19th century

genro
-retired elder Japanese statesmen, who served as informal advisors to the emperor, during the Meiji and Taisho eras

mikado
-a dated term for "emperor"; specifically for the Emperor of Japan

shogun
-the title of the practical ruler of Japan for most of the time from 1192 to the Meiji Era


Religion

bonze
-, a Buddhist monk

koan
- a paradoxial story or statement used during meditation in Zen Buddhism

satori
-enlightenment in Zen Buddhism

shinto
-the native religion of Japan

torii[
-traditional Japanese gates commonly found at the gateway to Shinto shrines

zen
-a branch of Mahāyāna Buddhism

Other

akita
- akitainu or akitaken), the Akita Inu, a large breed of Japanese dog

domoic acid
-(from ドウモイ doumoi in the Tokunoshima dialect of Japanese: a type of red algae)

geisha
- traditional Japanese artist-entertainers

hentai
- Western usage: pornographic cartoons, usually either Japanese in origin or drawn in a Japanese style; Japanese usage: metamorphosis, transformation, abnormality, or perversion

honcho
-head, chief

katsura (tree)
-large deciduous trees, native to eastern Asia

koi
- Western usage: ornamental varieties of the common carp (but in Japan this just means "carp" -- the ornamental variety are called "nishikigoi" 錦鯉)

moxa
-mugwort or cotton wool or other combustible material, burned on skin during moxibustion

moxibustion
-(from moxa + (com)bustion), an oriental medicine therapy which involves the burning of moxa (see above)

rickshaw
-(from 人力車, jinrikisha), a human-pulled wagon

sayonara
- the Japanese term for "goodbye" (note, though, that in Japanese, it has formal and final connotations: you wouldn't say it if you expect to meet again soon)

sensei
- the Japanese term for "master", "teacher" or "doctor". It can be used to refer to any authority figure, such as a schoolteacher, professor, priest, or politician.

shiatsu
- a form of massage

shiba Inu
-the smallest of the six original and distinct Japanese breeds of dog

sudoku
- a number placement puzzle, also known as Number Place in the United States.

tanuki
- the Japanese name for the animal, Nyctereutes procyonoides, known as a raccoon dog in English

tsunami
-literally "harbour wave"; Large wave caused by earthquakes or other underwater disturbances.

urushiol
-(from うるし, a plant that gives a skin rash on contact) a chemical substance found in poison-ivy, used to make "Japanned" lacquer ware


Common Verbs

aruku (歩く) --- to walk 
asobu (遊ぶ) --- to play 
au (会う) --- to meet 
hairu (入る) --- to enter 
hajimaru (始まる) --- to begin 
iku (行く) --- to go 
kaeru (帰る) --- to return 
kakaru (かかる) --- to take
kaku (書く) --- to write
kau (買う) --- to buy 
kiku (聞く) --- to listen 
matsu (待つ) --- to wait 
motsu (持つ) --- to have
narau (習う) --- to learn
nomu (飲む) --- to drink
okuru (送る) --- to send
omou (思う) --- to think
oyogu (泳ぐ) --- to swim
shiru (知る) --- to know 
suwaru (座る) --- to sit 
tatsu (立つ) --- to stand 
tomaru (止まる) --- to stop 
tsuku (着く) --- to arrive 
uru (売る) --- to sell
utau (歌う) --- to sing
wakaru (分かる) --- to understand
warau (笑う) --- to laugh 
yomu (読む) --- to read 

Group 2

kangaeru (考える) --- to think
miru (見る) --- to see; to look
neru (寝る) --- to sleep
oshieru (教える) --- to teach
taberu (食べる) --- to eat

Group 3

kuru (来る) --- to come 
suru (する) --- to do


Advice about particles in Japanese sentences


the particles. The particles change depending on what you are trying to say. And the verbs change depending on if you want it to be formal or informal. For example, to say that you have money goes like this:
お金がある。Okane Ga Aru, for informal
お金があります。Okane Ga Arimasu, for formal
To say that you don't have money:
お金がない。Okane Ga Nai, informal
おかねがありません。Okane Ga Arimasen, formal
If you want to make it past tense:
お金があった。Okane ga Atta, had money, informal
お金がありました。Okane ga arimashita, had money, formal
お金がなかった。Okane ga Nakatta, didn't have money, informal
お金がありませんでした。Okane Ga arimasendeshita, didn't have money, formal.
These verb conjuagtions are only used for the possession of inanimate objects.


Common and Helpful Sentences


Konnichi wa.
Hello.

Ohayoo Gozaimasu.
Good morning.

Hajimemashite.
Nice to meet you.

Watashi wa Suzuki Akio desu.
I am Akio Suzuki.

Anata wa Nihon-jin desu ka.
Are you a Japanese?

Kore wa nan desu ka.
What is this?

Sore wa nan desu ka.
What is that?

Kore wa konpyuutaa desu.
This is a computer.

Kono hon wa tomodachi no desu.
This is my friend's book.

Shibaraku desu ne.
It's been a long time.

Anata wa isogashii desu ka.
Are you busy?

Morita San wa nansai desu ka.
Mr. Morita, how old are you?

Otoo-san to okaa-san wa doko desu ka.
Where are your father and mother?

Sumisu-san to Tanaka-san wa sensei desu.
Mr. Smith and Mr. Tanaka are teachers.

Kaimono ni ikimasu.
I'm going shopping.

Nani o kaimasu ka.
What will you buy?

Ganbatte kudasai.
Good luck.

Tookyoo e ikimashita.
I went to Tokyo.

Kondo no shuumatsu tookyoo e ikimasu.
I am going to Tokyo this weekend.


Misc:

the basic pattern of Japanese sentence:

________ wa _________ desu.

second is STPOV or Subject, Time, Place, Object, Verb.

gokurosama > thanks for your job
gochisosamadeshita > thanks for the food
nankurunaisa > it'll all be alright

stem +masu is present tense
stem +teimasu is continuative (ing)
stem +mashita is past


Ninjas and writing Kanji:
http://www.yamasa.org/japan/english/des … ninja.html

Speaking japanese:

http://www.japaneselifestyle.com.au/jap…_basic.htm
http://www.guidetojapanese.org/index.html#contents

Japanese Tutorial Forum:

http://japinoy.com

Japanese Romantic Tutorial

http://chromlea.trap17.com/japanese/romantic.html

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